Lessons Learned in the Congo and Costa Rica: 萨菲尔 Bhatti’s Eye-Opening Journey to 媒体te Conflict
“Peace is possible.”
- Dr. 萨菲尔巴蒂08年m
“你为什么不笑??”问 Dr. 萨菲尔巴蒂08年m他用摄像机拍下了她的反应. “你18岁，正处于人生的黄金时期.”
她回望着他，眼中闪烁着痛苦的光芒, the young Congolese woman responded to his question with an air of ambivalence: “What is there to be happy about?”她, a rape victim, who watched helplessly as her sisters were raped and murdered by the same 卢旺达n rebel soldiers who had attacked her, 发现微笑几乎和博士一样无用. 巴蒂的调查.
Dr. Bhatti had just completed his master’s degree in international peace and conflict resolution at Arcadia when he traveled to the Democratic Republic of Congo, 卢旺达, and Burundi to perform field research and provide peace talk trainings to various embattled groups. During his visit, he was asked to speak with women who were victimized through rape and HIV/AIDS infection. 一些人希望他们的故事被记录下来, even demanding it for the sake of educating others on the state of their village. 其他人, 就像他采访的那个孤独的18岁少年, were less inclined to share their plight for fear of being ostracized within their community.
“I’m not a psychologist,” said Dr. Bhatti modestly, "而是用我在阿卡迪亚学到的技术, called narrative mediation, 我能够挖掘到问题的核心，并帮助她继续前进.” He asked her to forgive herself and think of a time when she was most happy. 他倾听她的痛苦和其他任何她想透露的事情. Two days later, he was approached by the head of a local women’s shelter. “What did you do to this girl? She is smiling now, wearing makeup…she even bought herself some jewelry!”
When it comes to resolving conflict, listening is half the battle, explained Dr. Bhatti, who learned this tenet firsthand during a study abroad trip to Costa Rica with Dr. Warren Haffar他是阿卡迪亚国际事务学院的院长. 在那里, he was tasked with mediating a conflict between the government who wanted to build a dam on a section of holy land owned by the Borucas—an indigenous community in Costa Rica—and the Borucas who felt they were not being given a fair say. 为了更好地理解他们的不满, 他花了两个星期的时间住在他们的村庄，并与他们交谈, 通过破碎的西班牙, 关于他们的经验. “All they wanted was to be consulted on the project and to receive some royalties from what the dam was producing.” Dr. Bhatti and his team pitched this new understanding to the government and whatever conflict there was between them was tactfully smoothed over.
“当我想申请一个硕士项目的时候, it was Arcadia that appealed to me the most since it had more of the field research component built into it. I wanted to be part of a program where I could learn something and then apply it immediately, 这就是阿卡迪亚与其他硕士项目相比的地方, 这只需要直接的课程. 你知道, some of my peers have asked me, ‘嘿, 萨菲尔, 当你去刚果或布隆迪时，你怎么知道该做什么? 你是如何学会进入一个环境并建立社会资本的?’ And I told them, 我第一次在阿卡迪亚拿到硕士学位时就开始练习了, where we were able to take classroom theories and actually apply them directly in the field.”
在Cost Rica进行了实地考察之后，Dr. Haffar co-authored the book, Conflict Resolution of the Boruca Hydro-Energy Project: Renewable Energy Production in Cost Rica博士,. 巴蒂作为贡献者(纽约:Continuum, 2010).
时间快进到2015年. 巴蒂正在出版他自己的一本书《云顶集团》 Conflict Analysis in South Asia: A Study of Sectarian Violence in Pakistan，计划于2015年12月出版 罗曼 & 李特佛尔德. The book details compelling accounts from two conflict-embattled groups (the Shiites and the Deobandis, a conservative group of Sunnis) facing sectarian violence with each other. Ultimately, Dr. Bhatti’s book is designed to help readers understand how conflict evolves, the struggles that occur due to the current misrepresentation of extremist groups, 以及可能找到的解决方案.
每一章都有关于宗教信仰的副标题, followed by an appendix (word-by-word) translating interviews of what a Shiite or a Deobandi actually believes and says based on various beliefs. 当我做采访和分析的时候, I found that both sides agreed that we need to accept each other for who we are and accept our practices…if we can move toward tolerance and harmony then we can end the sectarian violence.”
Dr. Bhatti employs many of the conflict styles and mediating methods that he learned at Arcadia into his peace talk trainings abroad as well as into his lectures at Florida International University (FIU). When he’s not telling his students at FIU to “go outside” if they want to understand what happened during a certain period of history, he serves as chair of the Social 研究 department at iGeneration Empowerment Academy of Broward in Margate, 佛罗里达州.
Among his many distinctions, which include a Presidential 志愿者 Service Award in 2008 and 2011, Dr. Bhatti is the recipient of the Nuclear Age Foundation Peace 领导 Award, The Peacemaker Award (2008), 并被列入《云顶集团》, 这只是他简历上的一些荣誉.
要观看一些现场采访. 巴蒂与刚果的妇女进行了一项研究, as well as videos on his peace training sessions and other interviews, 访问:http://www。.youtube.com/user/safeerbhattiorg.
Favorite Arcadia Professor
“Dr. 哈法尔给了我很多指导. 你可以说他在项目中就像我的父亲一样, taking a 24-year-old individual who knew nothing about peace and conflict resolution and then molding me into one of his ‘conflict resolutionists!他帮助我们(学生们)在视觉上把这些点联系起来, taking what we learned in the classroom and applying it in the field. That’s what I think every education program should have…that field research component. 这也是我试图将其融入我所教授的课程的内容.”
“In the Congo, 个人告诉我, ‘We wish you were here prior to 1988 [when the outbreak of civil war happened] because if we had the skills and lessons you just taught us then we never would have had a civil war. We can’t tell you how many lives were lost just because of a misunderstanding which led to war and conflict for years. 生活将会不同.’ That was one of the huge takeaways I had on how just a matter of learning how to resolve conflict can empower a community to take what they’ve learned and collaborate peacefully.”